- Written by Melinda Myers Melinda Myers
Whether planning your first, second, or 10th vegetable garden, it can be overwhelming. There are so many tasty vegetables and never enough space and time to grow them all.
Start with a plan. Locate your garden in a sunny location with moist, well-drained soil.
Save those partially sunny areas for greens like lettuce, chard, and kale, as well as root crops like radishes and beets. These prefer full sun but will tolerate more shade than tomatoes, peppers, squash, broccoli, and other plants from which we eat the flowers and fruit.
Review your favorite recipes, and make a list of family favorites and those vegetables most often used. Then check the list to see which vegetables are suited to your climate and growing conditions and those that make the most economic sense to include in your garden.
Tomatoes and peppers produce lots of fruit from one plant and are common ingredients in many recipes. Sweet corn is fun to grow but needs lots of space for a relatively small harvest. If space is limited, consider buying your sweet corn at the farmers’ market and use that space to grow other edibles.
Every gardener struggles with determining how many of each type of vegetable to grow. This depends upon the productivity of the variety selected, your family’s eating habits, and, of course, the impact of weather on the harvest.
It is always better to start small, build on your successes, and expand the garden in the future. Track your planting and harvesting results to help when planning future gardens.
You will need to plant more if you plan to preserve or donate a portion of your harvest. Purchasing vegetables from your local farmers market is a way to ensure you have sufficient fresh produce when you are ready to can, freeze, and ferment.
Maximize the available space by growing vertically. Train pole beans, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, and even squash and melons up trellises.
Growing vertically not only saves space, but also increases disease resistance by increasing light and airflow through the plants. And picking beans at waist height is much easier than harvesting from low-growing, bushy plants.
Increase space with containers. Consider growing some of your frequently used herbs and vegetables in pots on the patio, balcony, or deck for convenience. You can quickly grab what you need when creating your favorite meal.
Grow multiple plantings in each row. Start the season with cool-season veggies like lettuce, peas, and radishes. Once the temperatures climb and these plants are harvested and enjoyed, replace them with warm-weather vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, beans, cucumbers, squash, and melons.
Finish off the season by filling any vacant rows with fall crops like greens, beets, and radishes.
Take some time to plan a garden that will provide you and your family with fresh produce you can enjoy all season long. Involving everyone in the planning process just might get them to show up and help weed.
Melinda Myers has written more than 20 gardening books, including Small Space Gardening. She hosts The Great Courses’ How to Grow Anything DVD series and the nationally syndicated Melinda’s Garden Moment TV and radio program. Myers is a columnist and contributing editor for Birds & Blooms magazine. melindamyers.com